These are the three file formats used by the Nikon D810.
Actually RAW should be spelled raw because unlike JPEG or TIFF, it’s not an acronym. Raw is an unprocessed and uncompressed file, capturing as much data as the cameras sensor can. The majority of professional photographers use raw because it allows for more control and creativity. You will need to process the photo through a software program, such as Lightroom. Nikon uses the file extension .NEF.
For the best explanation of raw I’ve encountered.
An example of what the RAW/NEF file looks like.
A shot of Maui, my 12 year-old Westie, running on the beach. One of my favorite subjects, doing what she loves doing. (This is from Lightroom.)
TIFF (Tagged Image File Format)
This file format doesn’t lose any information but it takes up a lot of room on a memory card. New cameras don’t use this file format as much. The Nikon D810 still does. The file extension is .TIF.
It uses 1- to 24-bit of color and, the maximum images size is 2^32-1.
Note: I don’t normally shoot in TIF, just for this example.
JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group)
This is by far the most commonly used file format. The number of cameras that use this file format is endless. It’s quite small size wise, so it will not use up memory cards as quickly.
It can use up to 24 bit of color, and maximum image size is 64Kx64K pixels.
The choices on the Nikon D810 starting from the top (see previous post):
Examples of the five formats:
These were not altered in any way and were taken moments apart. Click on the images to enlarge.
Not too much of a difference -- unless you're an artist or photographer.
But now, let's blow them up:
Still acceptable. But you can do this with RAW (and Lightroom):
Next time, WB -- Warner Brothers... Right?
My "go to" camera:
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© 2019, Lane Billings